Fonts that have “serifs” or feet at the base of letters and at the end of strokes.
Fonts without serifs.
The imaginary line upon which most letters “sit” and below which descenders extend.
Strokes of letters that rise above the baseline of type (b, d, f, h, k, l, t).
Strokes of letters that fall below the baseline of type (g, j, p, q, y).
The height of the main body of the lowercase letters. Most sans serifs have large x-heights.
The amount of white space between lines of text. The standard leading (computer auto leading) is the point size times .2 added to the point size. What? Standard leading on 10 point type is the point size (10) times .2 which would be 2. Add that 2 to the point size which would give you 12. So auto leading on 10 point type is 12 points.
Adjusting the letter spacing between pairs of letters in type. Use kerning only for display type above 14 point.
MIDLINE (OR MEAN LINE)
The imaginary line which determines the height of lowercase letters and above which ascenders extend.
The stroke of the type such as light, medium, demi, bold, etc. Book or Roman weights are traditionally used for text. Light and bold are best used for contrast in display type.
The type stroke will either stand upright (Roman) or will lean toward the right (italic).
Draw a line through the thinnest part of the curved strokes on a letter. The stress is the direction of that line. Oldstyle type has a diagonal stress while moderns have a vertical stress, for example.
Compare the thickest stroke of a letter to the thinnest. This is the transition. For example, moderns have radical thick/thin transitions while sans serifs have no thick/thin transition.
(sometimes referred to as font)
Versatile faces such as Garamond, Franklin Gothic, Futura, etc. offer several variations of weight and posture in the same typeface.
How type is measured; one point equals 1/72 of an inch, so 72 point type would be about one inch high.
Point sizes 14 point and above.
When copy gets too wide, readability drops off. The rule is that copy should be no wider than an alphabet and a half or 39 characters.
TRACKING (LETTER SPACING)
Adjusts spacing uniformly over a range of characters.
Herff Jones Special Consultant
Former JEA Yearbook Adviser of the Year